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Jurisdictions Unified for Drug Gang Enforcement Program Evaluation

SANDAG, funded by the National Institute of Justice, conducted both a process evaluation and an impact assessment of the Jurisdictions Unified for Drug Gang Enforcement Program (JUDGE).

Specifically, the research sought to determine the effects of the program with regard to: 1) providing consequences for probation violations and new offenses committed by targeted offenders, and 2) reducing criminal activity and drug use among the target population.

With the upsurge of narcotics trafficking in the mid-1980s, many areas in the country developed multi-jurisdictional task forces with federal assistance. The task forces vary as to the levels of government involved, types of agencies included, and targets for focus. Assessments of these programs have been primarily process-oriented, conducted by the program staff, and include a compilation of drug arrests and seizures. In recent years, specialized task forces have directed their efforts toward gangs and associated drug trafficking.

In 1988, with funds from the Bureau of Justice Assistance via the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1987, the task force JUDGE was spearheaded by the San Diego District Attorney's Office and represented a unique blend of police officers, probation officers, and deputy district attorneys working together to target documented gang members also involved in drug use and sales. The JUDGE approach targeted juveniles for strict enforcement of probation conditions and identification of possible targets not yet on probation.

For a copy of the final evaluation report for this project, please contact the Criminal Justice Research Divison at (619) 699-1900.

Project Manager

Dr. Cynthia Burke, Director, Research and Program Management
Phone: (619) 699-1910, Email:

For media inquiries, please contact the SANDAG Public Information Office at (619) 699-1950 or