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Drugs

HIV Reduction Project Evaluation

While the rate of diagnosed AIDS cases among White males has recently decreased in San Diego County, the rates for Black and Hispanic females have increased. Additionally, a high percentage of the region’s women and their unborn children are exposed to the HIV virus by injection drug use or through unprotected sexual intercourse.

In an attempt to reduce this risk-related behavior, the EYE Counseling and Crisis Services, in partnership with the Vista Community Clinic, received a grant from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. This three-year funded project  was aimed atreducing the spread of substance abuse-related HIV and other infectious diseases in communities with populations most likely to be at risk.

The program was implemented through a three-pronged approach that included outreach and education  by peer educators, the provision of medical services, and substance abuse treatment.

To determine if the proposed research design was implemented as planned and what effect these efforts had, the Criminal Justice Research Division at SANDAG  conducted both a process evaluation and an impact assessment.

The impact evaluation included an analysis of female clients who received substance abuse treatment and compared their drug use and risk behaviors at program entry and at the six and twelve-month  periods after they began the program. Clients were eligible for this component of the research if (1) they considered themselves to be an ethnic minority and (2) if they had engaged in unprotected sex either in the previous six months or since their last HIV test, or (3) if they had injected drugs with needles in the prior six months or since their last HIV test.

Specifically, SANDAG's efforts were directed at documenting the level of outreach and education that was accomplished and whether additional services were offered to and received by members of the target communities.

For a copy of the final evaluation report for this project, please contact the Criminal Justice Research Division at (619) 699-1900.

Project Manager

Dr. Cynthia Burke, Director, Criminal Justice Research Division
Phone: (619) 699-1910, Email: cindy.burke@sandag.org

For media inquiries, please contact the SANDAG Public Information Office at (619) 699-1950 or pio@sandag.org.